Communitas is a Latin noun commonly referring either to an unstructured community in which people are equal, or to the very spirit of community. It also has special significance as a loanword in cultural anthropology and the social sciences. Victor Turner, who defined the anthropological usage of communitas, was Communitas is characteristic of people experiencing. Anthropologist Victor Turner made a huge contribution to anthropology by reintroducing the concept of “liminality” into the anthropological. Victor Witter Turner (May 28, – December 18, ) was a British Through developing the concepts of liminality and communitas as.

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The following essay is divided into two parts: Turner’s work resurfaced at the end of the twentieth century, among a variety of disciplines, proving to be an important part of the social sciences. Seeing as liminal periods are both destructive and constructive, the ideas and practices that emerge from these liminal historical periods are of extreme importance, as they will “tend to take on the quality of structure”.

In mythology and religion or esoteric lore liminality can include such realms as Purgatory or Da’atwhich, as well as signifying liminality, some theologians deny actually existing, making them, in some cases, doubly liminal. In contemporary culture viewing the nightclub experience dancing in a nightclub through the liminoid framework highlights the ‘presence or absence of opportunities for social subversion, escape from social structures, and exercising choice’.

Turner received his Ph. At Gateshead, Jane is noted to be set apart and on the outside of the family, putting her in a liminal space in which she neither belongs nor is completely cast away. Augustin Calmet Akbar S. Reactivating the Missional Church. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.


OED Online Oxford 23, ; cf. September Learn how and when to remove this template message. No matter what I may do with the rest of my life, there is too much of both cultures in me now for me to ever just walk away from one of them.

The community isn’t a mode of being, much less a “making” of the individual subject. Examples of this include Cherokee and Mayan riddles, trickster tales, sacred ball games, and joking relationships which serve holy purposes of work in liminal situations while retaining the element of playfulness. Thus, scholars are always trying to strike the right balance.

They allow for the emergence of “self-proclaimed ceremony masters”, that assume leadership positions and attempt to “[perpetuate] liminality and by emptying the liminal moment of real creativity, [turn] it into a scene of mimetic rivalry”.

On the About page of this site, I list in brief three ways that I feel liminality applies to my own life. Airplane travel is inherently liminoid-suspended liminallty the communitae, neither here nor there and crossing thresholds of time and space, it is difficult to make sense of the experience of flying.

Communitas – Wikipedia

However, the differences are not always clear-cut, and there will inevitably be some overlap. There is very little freedom of movement due to the strict nature of the ritual process. Even Turner seems to become confused at times. Van Gennep considered rites of initiation to be the most typical rite. Refusing to be pinned down means that he cannot stay in any one place for any length of time, and part of the enjoyment of the movie comes from the sense that the law that is, the social structure is always just one step behind.

It is characteristic of people experiencing liminality together.


The spatial dimension of liminality can include specific places, larger zones or areas, or entire countries and larger regions. This brings everyone onto an equal level: The Twilight Zone — is a US television anthology series that explores unusual situations between reality and the paranormal.

To gain a better understanding of “tripartite structure” of liminal situations, one can look at a specific rite of initiation: Politics and social sciences Anthropologists Credited. This three-fold structure, as established by van Gennep, is made up of the following components: If liminality is no longer a midpoint in a rite of passage, then there is no reason why it cannot describe the condition of marginality.

Victor Witter Turner May 28, — December 18, was a British anthropologist who studied rituals and social change and was famous for developing the concept of “liminality,” first introduced by Arnold van Gennepand for coining the term “communitas.

Shirley Reads Jane Eyre”. During that time he married Edith Lucy Brocklesby Davis and had two children.

While observing the Ndembu, Turner became intrigued by the nature and function of rituals and rites of passage. If they succeed, the third stage incorporation involves a celebration of the “new birth” of the adult and a welcoming of that being back into society. An anthropological rite, especially a rite of passageinvolves some change to the participants, especially their social status.

About: What is Liminality?

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. He received his B. While employed there, he traveled to Uganda to conduct his fieldwork among the Gisu people.