CULTURE DU SAFOUTIER PDF
des variétés supérieures de safoutier, manguier du Gabon, kolatier et plusieurs autres .. de «Akpi» poussent à présent à côté du cacao, sa culture principale. Safou (African pear) is a tropical fruit which belongs to the trees Dacryodes edulis L. and belongs . J. () Guide de la culture du safoutier. Au Cameroun Toute la partie méridionale du pays, d’Ambam à l’escarpement de N’gaoundéré est propice à la culture du safoutier. Partout dans cette zone.
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It occurs in non-flooded forests in humid tropical zones, but in drier areas safou prefers slightly swampy ground.
When planted out, young trees require adequate soil moisture to become well established ripe fruit, however, has a short storage life in humid climates 2 – 8 days without refrigeration.
Numerous scientific studies carried out in neighboring countries have revealed excellent nutritional qualities of the safou pulp and interesting food properties of the oil extracted from both the safou pulp and the seed kernel. Economics of the safou tree – The safou tree is an economically important species 7 tonnes of oil per hectare is extractable safoufier cultivated safou.
Safou African pear is a tropical fruit which belongs to the trees Dacryodes edulis L. The resin can also be used as a varnish. A small area of bark is removed from a good quality tree.
The tree has a dense, compact, spherical crown with a short, slightly fluted bole and whorled branches. The fruit drupe or safou, is usually oblongcylindrical in shape and is 1. It is a fast growing tree with an average life span of years.
Selections 0 Clear all lists. The flowers are small 0. Air layering is the most common method of vegetative propagation. It can provide a stable income from sale of the fruits and their products. The fruits culturre this tree are widely appreciated and are sold regularly in all major urban markets.
It is quite hard and usually consumed after boiling or roasting.
For seed propagation, fruits should be selected from trees with good production and quality. Lam is an important fruit tree because of its nutritional value and its place within both the economy and the socio-cultural context. The timber is soft, elastic and grey-rose in colour. Cultivation of the African plum Dacryodes edulis G.
The seeds should be planted approximately 2 cm deep in containers of acidic loam soils with a high humus content germination occurs within 12 – 15 days. The seed kernel contains a high protein content and is often used as a livestock fodder. The cut area is covered with a soil mixture and kept in position with clear polythene film.
The tree favours acidic soils, with organic matter in the surface horizon, this improves its growth and production. Culturf species is dioecious, the flowers being unisexual after abortion of one sex. Within the context of sustainable development, the modernization of the culture of the African plum in Gabon, in particular by reducing pest-related losses and through the prudent use of all the products of the tree, may lead to important economic and eu incomes.
Views Read Edit View history. The trees will bear fruit in 4 – 5 years. How do you grow the safou tree? SearchWorks Catalog Stanford Libraries.
High production of the safou exists in Cameroon, Congo, Gabon and Zaire to satisfy the demand at local markets. In Cameroon the total annual production of safou has been estimated at tonnes inbut less than tonnes end up in marketing channels due to poor storage, poor transport links and home production. Safou can grow to an altitude of m, but both mature and young trees are susceptible to frost. The genus Dacryodes contains thirty-four species, 2 in Tropical America, 19 in Africa and 13 species in the Malaysian archipelago.
Guide de la culture du Safoutier
Seeds are recalcitrant and should be extracted from the fruit with care to avoid injury. View on content provider’s site. The views expressed are not Email: The fruits are harvested when other crops are out of season and provides a staple food for months of the year in some areas. La culture du safoutier Dacryodes edulis [G.
The tree is an evergreen oleiferous tropical fruit tree which grows in the humid and sub-humid climates of West and Central Africa. An oil can be extracted by distillation from the pulp and seeds.