CONTAGIOUS EQUINE METRITIS PDF
Contagious equine metritis (CEM) is a venereal disease of horses caused by the bacteria Taylorella equigenitalis. It is spread during breeding or through. Importance. Contagious equine metritis (CEM) is a highly communicable venereal disease of horses, caused by the bacterium Taylorella. Information, factsheets, photos, resources, and vaccines for Contagious Equine Metritis.
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Sample collection and laboratory methods for the diagnosis of contagious equine metritis are described. The disease can cause infertility and, on rare occasions, abortion.
Contagious Equine Metritis
Canada’s emergency response strategy to an outbreak of CEM would be to:. What are the clinical signs of CEM? However, a proportion of mares remain carriers of the contagious equine metritis organism. Clinical signs have not been observed in stallions. Infected mares respond clinically to the topical and parenteral administration of antibacterial drugs. Diagnosis is made by taking samples for bacterial culture from all accessible sites. This page was last edited on 28 Octoberat The causative organism of contagious equine metritis Survival properties contafious the causal agent of contagious equine metritis A gray to creamy vulvar discharge mats the hair of the buttocks and tail, although in many cases, the discharge is absent and the infection is not apparent.
Abstract Contagious equine metritis is a highly contagious genital infection of mares, spread venereally, and was first described in There are two states of infection: Genital infection in mares. Most mares with acute endometritis recover spontaneously. Open in a separate window.
The disease was first reported inand has since been reported worldwide. Although most contagious equine metritis outbreaks involved Thoroughbreds, infection in other breeds has also occurred. There are two states of infection:.
Contagious Equine Metritis: A Review
National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. CEM and the foaling mare. The disease has been reported in Europe, Australia and the United States. The disease was first reported in on horse breeding farms in Englandwhen an unusually high proportion of mares were not becoming pregnant. Taylorella equigenitalis is susceptible to most antibiotics, although the carrier state in mares is difficult to eliminate.
An epidemic metrifis venereal infection in thoroughbreds. Most mares recover spontaneously, although many become carriers. If positive, they only indicate that the mare has had the disease in the past, and do not indicate whether the mare is a carrier now.
Successful transmission of CEM to the donkey. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Support Center Support Center.
All horses of breeding age that are imported into Canada, from countries where CEM is endemic, must be tested for the disease before entering Canada. These tests become metrktis 10 or more days after infection. Samples are refrigerated and transported to an approved testing laboratory within 48 hours of collection.
Retrieved from ” https: In Canada, contagious equine metritis has been designated a reportable disease under the Animal Disease and Protection Act. The course of serum antibody development in two ponies experimentally infected with contagious metritis. Contagious equine metritis CEM is a type of metritis uterine inflammation in horses that is caused by a sexually transmitted infection. Stallions do not show signs of infection. Contagious xontagious metritis in the USA.
From Wikipedia, contagioks free encyclopedia. Serological response in mares affected by contagious equine metritis Daily variations in the shedding of the agent of contagious equine metritis by a carrier mare.